Sunday, July 15, 2012

De-Conservatizing America


Workers removing the signage from a former "Adolf Hitler Street
In the entry, "Denazification," Wikipedia describes the seven-year effort to eliminate all vestiges of the Nazi regime, a process that occured from 1946 - 1953. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denazification#The_end_of_denazification)

Denazification
...was an Allied initiative to rid German and Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, and politics of any remnants of the National Socialist ideology. It was carried out specifically by removing those involved from positions of influence and by disbanding or rendering impotent the organizations associated with it. The program of denazification was launched after the end of the Second World War and was solidified by the Potsdam Agreement...

The Law for Liberation from National Socialism and Militarism came into effect in 1946. Many people had to fill in a new background form...They were assigned one of five categories.
V. Exonerated, or non-incriminated persons.
IV. Followers, or Fellow Travelers.
III. Less incriminated .
II. Activists, Militants, and Profiteers, or Incriminated Persons.
I. Major Offenders.
The courts also relied on statements from other people regarding the accused's involvement in National Socialism. These statements earned the nickname of Persilscheine, after advertisements for the laundry and whitening detergent.

By early 1947, the Allies held 90,000 Nazis in detention; another 1,900,000 were forbidden to work as anything but manual labourers...

The Information Control Division of the US Army had by July 1946 taken control of 37 German newspapers, six radio stations, 314 theaters, 642 cinemas, 101 magazines, 237 book publishers, and 7,384 book dealers and printers. Its main mission was democratization but part of the agenda was also the prohibition of any criticism of the Allied occupation forces. In addition, on May 13, 1946 the Allied Control Council issued a directive for the confiscation of all media that could contribute to Nazism or militarism. As a consequence a list was drawn up of over 30,000 book titles, ranging from school textbooks to poetry, which were then banned. All copies of books on the list were confiscated and destroyed; the possession of a book on the list was made a punishable offense. All the millions of copies of these books were to be confiscated and destroyed. The representative of the Military Directorate admitted that the order was in principle no different from the Nazi book burnings...
Soviet zone

The Soviet secret service, NKVD, set up a number of infamous "special camps" where - among others - alleged Nazis were interned. However, people were sometimes arrested completely arbitrarily and did not receive a fair trial, with some not even receiving any trial at all. At least 43,000 died in the camps...
British zone

The British prepared a plan from 1942 onwards, assigning a number of quite junior civil servants to head the administration of liberated territory in the rear of the Armies, with draconian powers to remove from their post, in both public and private domains, anyone suspected, usually on behavioural grounds, of harbouring Nazi sympathies...
French zone

The French took a measured approach based on the policy of the British hosts of the French provisional government in 1942-3 focusing primarily on a removal of the elite members of the Nazi party, rather than pursuit of all those who collaborated with, or aided the regime. French troops during the invasion were often undisciplined. Hatreds still abound in the former French zone over the excessive looting, arbitrary incarceration, torture (including flaying), and rape, of men suspected of having ties to the military. Many men and boys suspected of Nazism or military service were sent to French internment camps where POW's were deprived of basic necessities like food and toilets. Many were deported to France to perform forced labor. The American military stepped in to prevent boys under 18 from being taken into France and eventually took over the French zone, much to the relief of the locals.,,
The end of denazification

As denazification was deemed ineffective and counterproductive by the Americans they did not oppose the plans of the German chancellor Konrad Adenauer to end the denazification efforts. Adenauer's intention was to switch government policy to reparations and compensation for the victims of NS rule..., stating that the main culprits have been persecuted. In 1951 several laws were passed, ending the denazification. Officials were allowed to retake jobs in the civil service, with the exception of people assigned to Group I (Major Offenders) and II (Offenders) during the denazification review process.

Several amnesty laws were also passed which affected about 792,176 people. Those pardoned included people with six-month sentences, 35,000 people with sentences of up to one year and include more than 3,000 functionaries of the SA, the SS, and the Nazi Party who participated in dragging victims to jails and camps; 20,000 other Nazis sentenced for "deeds against life" (presumably murder); 30,000 sentenced for causing bodily injury, and 5,200 who committed "crimes and misdemeanors in office." As a result, several people with a former NS past ended up again in the political apparatus of Western Germany...
The end of denazification

As denazification was deemed ineffective and counterproductive by the Americans they did not oppose the plans of the German chancellor Konrad Adenauer to end the denazification efforts. Adenauer's intention was to switch government policy to reparations and compensation for the victims of NS rule..., stating that the main culprits have been persecuted. In 1951 several laws were passed, ending the denazification. Officials were allowed to retake jobs in the civil service, with the exception of people assigned to Group I (Major Offenders) and II (Offenders) during the denazification review process.

Several amnesty laws were also passed which affected about 792,176 people. Those pardoned included people with six-month sentences, 35,000 people with sentences of up to one year and include more than 3,000 functionaries of the SA, the SS, and the Nazi Party who participated in dragging victims to jails and camps; 20,000 other Nazis sentenced for "deeds against life" (presumably murder); 30,000 sentenced for causing bodily injury, and 5,200 who committed "crimes and misdemeanors in office." As a result, several people with a former NS past ended up again in the political apparatus of Western Germany...
Responsibility and collective guilt

Using the German press, which was under Allied control, as well as posters and pamphlets, a program was conducted to acquaint ordinary Germans with what had taken place in the concentration camps. For example using posters with images of concentration camp victims coupled to text such as "YOU ARE GUILTY OF THIS!" or "These atrocities: Your Guilt!!"
[A number of films showing the concentration camps were made and screened to the German public, such as "Die Todesmuhlen", released in the U.S. zone in January 1946, and "Welt im Film No. 5" in June 1945. A film that was never finished due partly to delays and the existence of the other films was "Memory of The Camps." According to Sidney Bernstein, chief of PWD, the object of the film
...was to shake and humiliate the Germans and prove to them beyond any possible challenge that these German crimes against humanity were committed and that the German people – and not just the Nazis and SS – bore responsibility.
 After the defeat of Nazi Germany, German civilians were sometimes forced to tour concentration camps and in some cases to exhume mass graves of Nazi victims... Denazification in other countries

In practice, denazification was not limited to Germany and Austria; in every European country with a vigorous Nazi or Fascist party measures of denazification were carried out. In France the process was called epuration legale (English: legal cleansing). Prisoners of War held in detention in Allied countries were also subject to denazification qualifications before their repatriation.

Denazification was also practised in many countries which came under German occupation, including Belgium, Norway, Greece. and Yugoslavia, because satellite regimes had been established in these countries with the support of local collaborators.,,,
Strafgesetzbuch section 86

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , the criminal code outlawing Nazi symbols:

The German...(Criminal Code) in § 86a outlaws "use of symbols of unconstitutional organisations". This concerns Nazi symbolism in particular and is part of the denazification efforts following the fall of the Third Reich.

The law prohibits the distribution or public use of symbols of unconstitutional groups, in particular, flags, insignia, uniforms, slogans and forms of greeting...

PIC: Participants in a Neo-Nazi march in Munich (2005) were reduced to flying the Reichsflagge and Reichsdienstflagge of 1933-1935
Law text

The relevant excerpt of the German criminal code reads:

§ 86 StGB Dissemination of Means of Propaganda of Unconstitutional Organizations

(1) Whoever domestically disseminates or produces, stocks, imports or exports or makes publicly accessible through data storage media for dissemination domestically or abroad, means of propaganda:
1. of a party which has been declared to be unconstitutional by the Federal Constitutional Court or a party or organization, as to which it has been determined, no longer subject to appeal, that it is a substitute organization of such a party;

[…]
4. means of propaganda, the contents of which are intended to further the aims of a former National Socialist organization, shall be punished with imprisonment for not more than three years or a fine. […]

(3) Subsection (1) shall not be applicable if the means of propaganda or the act serves to further civil enlightenment, to avert unconstitutional aims, to promote art or science, research or teaching, reporting about current historical events or similar purposes. […]



§ 86a StGB Use of Symbols of Unconstitutional Organizations

(1) Whoever:
1. domestically distributes or publicly uses, in a meeting or in writings (§ 11 subsection (3)) disseminated by him, symbols of one of the parties or organizations indicated in § 86 subsection (1), nos. 1, 2 and 4; or
2. produces, stocks, imports or exports objects which depict or contain such symbols for distribution or use domestically or abroad, in the manner indicated in number 1,
shall be punished with imprisonment for not more than three years or a fine.

(2) Symbols, within the meaning of subsection (1), shall be, in particular, flags, insignia, uniforms, slogans and forms of greeting. Symbols which are so similar as to be mistaken for those named in sentence 1 shall be deemed to be equivalent thereto...

In a companion entry, "The Pursuit of Nazi Collaberators,"
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pursuit_of_Nazi_collaborators) Wikipedia depicts the chronology of running down the most despicable of the Nazi quislings, "The pursuit of Nazi collaborators refers to the post-World War II pursuit and apprehension of individuals who were not citizens of the Third Reich at the outbreak of World War II and collaborated with the Nazi regime during the war." Even those not inimately connected with the Conservative leadership would do well to heed the implications of the article: While not active, formal members of the Conservative crime cabal or its front groups such as the Republican Party, Fox News, etc., guilty of aiding the Conservative cause, they would also be responsible for their trumpeting of Conservative propoganda that led to our present condition.

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Certainly remnants of the old Nazi guard are almost all deceased, but continual watchfulness over neo-Nazi movements will continue as the country - and the world - remembers how the extremists in a formerly benign fascist movement evolved into active mass murderers

There are those who will decry the comparison of Nazism to Conservatism: to those we say, count those families and individuals ruined by Conservative lawmakers; count the number of dead and suffering that were also victims of the Conservative movement. The evidence is unmistakeably available in our news media every day, and until the American people wake up, the path to complete domination by the Conservative leadership is unavoidable.

I leave it to those with a legal bent to coorelate the German experience ours, to explain how our courts and legislative bodies can erase the memories of the Conservative horrors until such time that the People can advance the democratic agenda comtemplated by the Founding Fathers.

However it's done, we must criminalize Conservatism NOW.

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“Death is not the greatest loss in life. The greatest loss is what dies inside us while we live.”

Norman Cousins

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